how is a cave formed

how is a cave formed ? What are the properties of caves? How many kinds of caves are there? What is the longest cave in the world? What are the longest caves in the world? Where is the deepest cave?


Caves are gaps formed by the water carving some kalkerli rocks. In the mountains, there are caves and buckets of first people digging. It is important to note that the scientists, called speleologists, have also found the underground caves that they are researching.

In the mountains of limestone regions, caves and Kovuk are often very common. The carbon dioxide gas, which is the main ingredient of the lime stone, gradually decomp the calcium carbonate and descend deep into the cracks. Thus, the enormous gaps that occur can collapse over time and lead to the formation of caves that are surprisingly large and deep. Stalactites and dikites in these caves are intriguing formations that seem pleasing to the eye.


How do caves occur?


We can say that there are 8 different types of cave formations in geological terms.


Dissolution (solution)

The caves that formed in this way are divided into two:


Epijenic: Caves composed of external influences and acids. These are the most common species in nature, and 90% of all existing caves are formed in epijigenic form. The fracture, layer or faults of carbonate rocks such as limestone, dolomite or marble are caused by the wear of chemical and physical forces.


Hypogenic: Caves in the depths of the Earth, consisting of water, acid and hydrothermal effects. These are different from the acidic waters flowing from the surface, which completely erode the rocks with the effects from the ground, and all dissolution is 5-10% of the caves.





Such caves can occur on every rock from granite to Conglomeraya. Abrasion can occur in many different ways, from water to the grain of the wind. Therefore, the fractures of the rocks in the water can occur as a result of the forced pressure with the sediment carrying sand in the deserts also occurs with winds. On the other hand, there are also abrasion in the majority of "dissolution caves".

What are the properties of caves?


Ice Caves


They are formed by melting glacier waters under glaciers or rocks, but they are frozen all year round.

Lava Caves

The upper part of the lava flowing from a volcano is cooled, which in turn is mostly tube-shaped caves, consisting of continuing to flow lava under this solid portion.


Sandstone Caves

Especially in areas with dry climate and dense sandstone formation, the water molecules carried inside the sandstone is the name given to the Kovuk, which result in evaporation of time. During this process, the effect of the wind's abrasion and erosion is also a factor.


Sea Caves

This kind of cave formation, also called "lithoral erosion", occurs as a result of the waves carving the rock type with physical wear, which they find relatively softer on the beach.


Talus Caves

The caves are the result of crashes and rock falls and the top of a fracture in time.


Tectonik Caves

As a result of earthquakes, large cracks are formed in the crust.


The longest caves in the world


1. Mammoth Cave system – the longest cave in the world

Longest cave in the world – the longest cave in North America

643.7 km – Kentucky, USA

• Sistema Sac Actun Underwater Cave – 310.7 km – Mexico

• Jewel Cave – 271.3 km – South Dakota, USA

• Sista Ox Bel Ha – 243 km – Mexico

• Optymistychna Cave – 236 km – Ternopil, Ukraine – the longest cave in Europe

• Wind Cave – 228.2 km – South Dakota, USA

• Lechuguilla Cave – 222.5 km – New Mexico, USA

• Hölloch Cave – 200.4 km – Muotathal, Switzerland – the longest cave in western Europe

• Fisher Ridge cave system – 197.1 km – Kentucky, USA

• Gua Air Jernih Cave – 197 km – Saravak, Malaysia – the longest cave in Asia


The deepest caves in the world


1. Krubera Cave

2,197 meters – Abkhazia – Georgia,

2. Cave of Winding

1,830 meters – Abkhazia, Georgia,

3. Illyuzia-Mezhonnogo-Snezhnaya Cave

1,755 meters – Abkhazia, Georgia,

4. Lamprechtsofen Vogelschacht Weg Schacht Cave

1,632 meters – Salzburg, Austria,

5. Gouffre Mirolda/Lucien Boulier Cave

1,626 meters – France,

6. Reteau Jean Bernard Cave

1,602 meters – France,

7. Torca del Cerro del Cuevon Cave

1,589 meters – Spain,

8. Systema Huautla Cave

1,545 meters – Mexico,

9. Shakta Vjaceslav Pantjukhina Cave

1,508 meters – Abkhazia – Georgia,

10. Sima de la Cornisa Cave

1,507 meters – Spain,

15th Universe Günay Mehmet Ali Special Dünde – Turkey's deepest cave

1,429 meters – Anamur, Içel, Turkey

Note: This page has been translated. Could be a word error. Please consult your specialist

Recommended Article