how is a diamond formed

how is a diamond formed ? Diamonds are the toughest substance known. Elmasa, one of the two naturally-found forms of the carbias, gives it a three-dimensional crystal structure in which atoms are connected by strong chemical bonds. The other form of carbon, graphite, which is naturally located, is very soft, as opposed to the absence of strong chemical bonds between the two-dimensional carbonite layers. The diamonds are used for carving in jewelers (25%) and industry (75%) for centuries because they are very harsh.

A diamond that is completely pure is colourless. Structural disorders and other substances that spoil purity cause the diamond to appear colored. For example, the nitrogen diamond is yellow or brown, and boron is grey-blue. Permanent distortions in the shape are the source of the pink or red color. The most common diamond in nature is the colorless diamond consisting of pure carbon. Then comes the yellow, brown and blue diamonds. Red Diamonds are the rarest of diamonds.

Natural diamonds occur over the centuries with the addition of atoms to the crystal structure individually. It is also possible to synthesize diamonds with chemical processes. With chemical steam precipitation technique, 400 milligrams of diamonds can be obtained in one day.

 

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