how is a diamond made

how is a diamond made ? The diamond is one of the toughest substances known and is a valuable gem. A modification of the carbon element is graphite and the other is a diamond.

The diamond was first discovered by the French chemist Lavoisier, which is pure carbon. When Lavoisier burned the diamond and saw that the combustion gas was just carbon dioxide, it ruled that the diamond was in it. The diamond melts at 3547 degrees.

The diamond is originally found only in the kimberlite chimneys. Other types of diamond formations have probably occurred with abrasion from kimberlite or the metamorphosis of deposits. A virgin diamond may not be found in the kimberlite rock. The presence of the average is only forty million. Kimberlite is the volcanic rock residue that contains high proportional magnesium and iron. There are many other minerals in these rocks. Calcite, Olivin, ilides, Mica etc. The deep layers of the kimberlite earth crust are found in the form of canals. The diamond is considered to go up with some ground crust movements. Partly in some areas, it was mixed with river Sands. The most widely available places of the diamond include Australia, South Africa (Kimberley), South America, Indonesia and India.

The acquisition of diamonds is like the processing of other minerals. Only crystals are not so abundant. It's too messy, and it's even more difficult to detect. As with gems close to the earth, there are ores that are 300 meters deep. The ore rocks are broken by dipping the pipes. The extracted Ballı, the sandy ore is passed two Ameliye. The ore is first scaled in a dense liquid. The very heavy minerals collapse. Then, the sandy-muddy mixture is provided with a sort of lower-up vibration in the elete, and the diamond is precipitated.


The only mineral that can be cut and polished with a separate system is the diamond. Many diamond crystals are self-diamond. But some must be cut. It takes attention and diligence to cut. The asset of diamonds relates to four factors: cut, color, size (carat) and clarity. It is also very important to have a crack. Because the rift makes the light entrance difficult. Yellow and brown diamonds are not desirable. Pink, violet and green diamonds are very well-liked. The shape of the cut is perhaps the most important factor and the size of the fragment increases with the asset. De Beers is a British company, the largest producer in the world.


Especially in the African countries, particularly in Sierra Leone, and in a few countries, the country's poor people are being run in very difficult health conditions. Even worse, these countries are ruled by civil war, it is known that civil wars are supported by large diamond companies. In these countries, the hands of those who do not agree to work under difficult conditions or to be soldiers are cut off, and the proportion of injuries to the population in these countries is quite high. In recent years, the definition of a new classification for diamonds has emerged from the human tragedy. According to this classification there are 2 types of diamonds, these are war (conflict) and non-combat (conflict-free) diamonds. As the name of the war (conflict) Diamonds can also be understood by the support of diamond companies, the country is being taken out of civil war and the country's people are being forced to operate in very difficult health conditions. The diamonds, which are called conflict-free, are run in healthy conditions and wage, but are not caused by any conflict or civil war in the country.

The diamond is used in a very common way as a zinet item and as a ring stone. The beauty of the diamond has attracted a lot of attention from the old and was thought to prevent disease and poisoning. After the development of the cutting technique, the essential asset of the diamond (towards the end of the 17th century) began. Diamond Cutting is made with diamonds again. Zîynet is also a diamond asset in other industrial attorney. The amount used in the industry is up to 75-80%. But the asset is 25-30% in the chicken. Used in industry glass cutter, stone chiseled, piercing and perdaher attorney

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