how is a glacier formed

how is a glacier formed? What's the glacier called? The formation and properties of glaciers. Information about glaciers in the world. 

Ice; Thick ice caps, ice rivers are called "glacier". Glaciers occur in places where there is not enough heat to melt the snows, they start to flow through the mountain slopes. The glaciers that occur in the flat places also constitute thick ice sheets. The flow of glaciers is so scarce, their speed is measured in centimeters per day, not as many miles an hour as rivers.

The varieties of glaciers that are in flat places, covered with a large area are called "ice covers" or «Içglacier». The largest of the ice sheets is in Antarctica. After that, the largest ice cover is in Greenland. There are smaller ice sheets in Norway and Iceland. The second kind of glaciers are the ones in the river type. These are called "Alpine Glacier". This type of glacier is spread towards a plain and is called the "Norwegian Glacier" which extends around many languages.

how is a glacier formed


In mountainous areas, snow is accumulated in pits surrounded by hills. The lower part of the increasingly thickening pile of snow is squeezed and solidifies the weight of glaciers in the upper layers. In sunny weather, the water of the melted snow also freezes down there again, so the ice pond becomes increasingly thickened, hardened. Over the years, snow and ice are collapsing where they are. These pits are called "circus". If the glacier melts through climate change, "circus lakes" occur. The ice layers that do not fit in the vinegar gradually start to rock down the slope, so that the glacier is formed.

The glaciers will melt down from the snow border to the bottom, so that the glacier ends. The glaciers that reach the sea are broken down and fall into the water (iceberg).

The glaciers drag all the obstacles out of their faces. So the valley deepens. Because the land is dug and gone, only rocks remain beneath the glaciers. On the rocks like this, the floor is also scratched. In the ice age thousands of years ago, an important part of Asia, Europe, North America was covered with glaciers. They change the format of the regions they reside in. The Fjordt in the Scandinavian peninsula occurred with the old glacier deposits under the sea.

Important glaciers

In our age, the world's largest glaciers are located in the Alpine Mountains of Europe, in the west of the U.S., in the mountains of Canada and Alaska. Altesch Glacier is the longest of glaciers in Alpine mountains. The Maiaspina in Alaska occupies a vast area of glacier. In Mont Blanc, the glacier at the Mer de glace (ice Sea) and gene ALP-ler were very well known in Mont Rosa. There are many glaciers in the Andes in South America and the Himalayas in Asia. Undoubtedly, the most important glaciers in the world are Antarctica and Greenland glaciers.


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