how is autism diagnosed

How to diagnose autistic children?

how is autism diagnosed ? Social relations, communication and behavioral abnormalities must have begun before 3 years of age.

Prevalence in society:

It is seen in 4 ratios in 10,000 people. Males are four times more likely than girls. Discomfort is more severe than men in girls, intelligence tests show a lower value.

 Criteria for autistic disorder:

A-there must be at least two of the following four symptoms.

1. The presence of non-speaking communication (eye-pleasing, face expression, expression with expressions, gestures and body language) and a distinct disorder in ensuring mutual relationship.

2. To be compliant with their age period, to be unable to relate to their peers.

3. With other people, it is spontaneous, naturally pleasing, unable to share interests or skills and achievements (such as the inability to show objects of interest to others, not pointing them, not giving them to those around them Behaviors).

4. Lack of social or emotional responsiveness.

 B-At least one of the following must exist:

1. The state of the spoken language is either not able to be screwed or delayed.

2. In cases where adequate conversation exists, it is apparent disorder that others start to speak with or maintain.

3. Speech status by repeating words or sentences in succession or using gibberish.

4. Improvisation, age and developmental level of the House, thief-police, doctor-patient, etc. games to play the situation.

 

C-The following is the availability of at least one of the repeater interests, activities and behaviors:

1. To find the focal points of interest, as well as the amount of frequency, as well as the intensity of a particular object or the subject in a repeaters manner.

2. It is not functional, it is an unstoppable situation with a certain activity that does not serve a particular purpose.

3. Any movement that acts as a repeater or someone else does the same as the movement of the body (finger snaps, fingers on-off, shoulder play or bending the entire body, such as being).

4. The situation of excessive occupation with certain parts of some objects in a repeater manner. It is necessary to have at least six of the total items written above. The condition that at least one of the subjects of social or language skills is delayed or abnormal until the beginning of the child age 3. Discomfort should not depend on any other disease.

Features of autistic children:

The views are much shorter than their peers and have a very cute appearance. These children are easy to care for, when they are abandoned, they are observed to be children who do not cry too much. In some cases, children's conversations and behaviors are normal, and they are suddenly disconnected from the social relationship and their language skills have been observed to be lost. Parents may think they're deaf because their children don't respond when they call. Children cannot imitate certain behaviors or sounds during their development, they cannot show objects to others, they cannot lift their arms to cover their embrace when they are requested to embrace. They'd rather play on their own. These kids react to people like lifeless beings. In social situations, they can respond to strange facial expressions and inappropriate movements. They're not very happy with social relationships. They can't make friends. There may be delays in language development. If they can talk, repeat conversations or disturbances in sound melody (uniform, mechanical toning disorders). may be inappropriate verb or word use. They can make up words that are not, speak to themselves, tell themselves their own names, or talk about them like someone else. There are certain behaviors (such as hand flapping, rotating objects) or information (although not very necessary) trends (weather, TV. times and advertisements). They can't easily accept and play new toys, they're overly sensitive to changes in the environment, they can be overly reactive in changes. They are overly dependent on some objects and may not be able to go out without them. By overreacting to the sound, they shut your ears. They can overreact to the touch while they may be insensitive to pain. Occasionally, excessive mobility can also be extremely motionless. They can laugh and cry for no reason. They can overreact to their families ' departure from their side. They tend to eat only certain nutrients. They can bite their own hands, hit their heads against the wall, pull their hair and hurt themselves.


Causes of occurrence:

In 75% of autistic children, the brain is observed as a retreat. In a portion of up to 25%, transfers are seen in the forward periods. Among the neurological disorders that can be seen with autism is tuberous sclerosis, Frajil X syndrome, congenital measles.

§ It is suggested that the children of the families who are emotionally distant or who are in an overly rigorous and restrictive manner due to obsessive personality structures are present in this situation.

§ Studies on the genetic basis of discomfort are continuing. In some people, it is possible to present discomfort such as epileptic disorders, congenital rubella and phenylketonuria.

It is thought that the disorder is transmitted with an autosomal recessive transition, depending on the X chromosome. The risk of discomfort in the siblings of the affected child is much higher than the Community average and is up to 3%. In their families, emotions and anxiety disorders have been determined to be higher, and the problems of social relations are higher. Medical problems experienced during prenatal or birth are possible causes. Especially in the first three months of the mother's pregnancy, genital bleeding, the baby's Amnios fluid in which the infant is stained with child feces, the use of some medications in the mother's pregnancy is considered important reasons. There are various disorders in the brain structure. Serotonin levels are observed in 1/3 patients. In most autistic children, the birth rates observed in the spring months were linked to the birth of prenatal measles during the winter months of the mother.

 
Treatment:

Family education is important in treatment. Drug treatment can be used against aggressive and self-destructive behaviour. Behavioral therapy is used. These recommendations are general information. But please note that the best advice for your specific discomfort is the advice of your doctor who listens to your complaints and examines you.

Note: This page has been translated. Could be a word error. Please consult your specialist




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